fbpx
How Citronella Oil Distillation Process Works in 2024

How Citronella Oil Distillation Process Works in 2024?

Citronella essential oil is an aromatic essential oil derived from certain species of Cymbopogon grasses. The oil is popularly used as an insect repellent and as a fragrance component in soaps, candles and cosmetics. There are two main varieties of citronella oil that are commercially produced - Ceylon citronella oil and Java citronella oil. They are extracted from different species of Cymbopogon grasses and have slightly different compositions and aromas. This article provides an overview of the production methods and distillation processes used to obtain citronella essential oil from the Cymbopogon grasses.

Cultivation of Citronella Grasses

citronella essential oil, citronella java oil, citronella oil manufacturers, global essential oil id

Ceylon citronella oil is derived from Cymbopogon nardus which is native to Sri Lanka. Java citronella oil comes from Cymbopogon winterianus which thrives in Indonesia and parts of Southeast Asia. Both grasses grow best in warm, humid tropical climates with good sunlight and rainfall. The grasses are propagated through clump division or by seeds. They are planted in rows with spacing of about 60-90 cm between each clump or seed planting spot. Fertilizers are applied regularly to support growth. Weeding and pest control measures are implemented as needed. The grasses typically reach a height of 1.5-2 meters at maturity in about 10-12 months. Harvest time is usually just before flowering.

Harvesting and Drying Citronella Essential Oil


Source : Sparrow Sunshine Gardener Youtube

The mature citronella grasses are manually cut with sickles about 10-15 cm above the ground. Leaving the lower stalk portions allows the grasses to regrow for subsequent harvests. Freshly cut grasses are stacked briefly in the fields before being transported to drying areas. Drying is done in thin layers either under the sun or in drying sheds equipped with ventilation systems. Drying helps reduce moisture content from around 70% to 8-12% over 2-3 days. Dried grasses are then packed in bales or loose sacks for storage and further processing into essential oil.

Citronella Oil Distillation Process : Popular Method Used by Citronella Oil Manufacturers

citronella oil distillation process

There are two main methods used to extract and distill citronella essential oil from the dried grasses - steam distillation and water distillation. Steam distillation is the more common and efficient industrial method. The dried grass is placed into large distillation chambers or stills. Pressurized steam is injected into the chambers to liberate and vaporize the aromatic oil compounds from the grass material. The oil vapor mixture is passed through condensers where the vapors cool and liquefy. The resulting mixture of oil and water is collected in Florentine flasks for separation. Since citronella oil is lighter than water, it floats to the top from where it is skimmed off.

In water distillation, the dried grass is completely submerged in water inside the stills. The water is heated instead of using direct steam injection. As the water boils, the vapor carries the essential oil constituents upwards to undergo condensation and collection in a similar manner as steam distillation. Water distillation is slower and less efficient but can be done at smaller scales. It may be preferred by smaller producers or for organic citronella oil production where steam is not permitted.

Regardless of the distillation method, the product is crude citronella oil that still contains impurities and water. It undergoes further refining steps described in the next section.

Refining and Completion Citronella Essential Oil

The crude distilled citronella oil is allowed to rest in settling tanks to allow any remaining water and particulates to separate from the oil. The oil is then filtered through cloth filters to further remove debris and impurities. In some cases, a second distillation process may be done using steam or water to purify the oil even further. Chemical refining processes can also be used to remove unwanted constituents from the oil at this stage.

The purified oil is then ready for quality testing and packaging. Various analytical tests are done to check the oil’s chemical composition and to ensure it meets quality specifications. Blending with other essential oils may also be done at this point to produce different grades or varieties of citronella oil for different markets. The finished product is then packaged into metal drums or glass bottles of various sizes ready for use in aromatherapy, cosmetics, soaps and other applications. Proper labeling, storage and handling procedures are followed to maintain oil quality and shelf life.

In summary, citronella oil production employs traditional cultivation and harvesting methods followed by steam or water distillation processes to extract the aromatic compounds from the grasses. Various refining steps are then used to purify and prepare the final essential oil product for commercial markets. The oil’s characteristic lemony aroma and insect repelling properties make it a valuable natural oil with global demand. Careful production methods and quality control help ensure its purity and maximum aromatic properties are retained.

If you are interested to try high quality citronella essential oil, feel free to contact us

Check Our Antoher Articles


pogostemon cablin oil, patchouli oil supplier, gayo patchouli oil
Global Demand and Supply Challenges Drive Up Patchouli Oil Prices
In recent months, the price of pogostemon cablin oil or patchouli oil has been on a steady rise, causing concern among perfumers, aromatherapists, and other industries that rely on this fragrant essential oil. This increase can be attributed to several factors affecting both the demand and supply sides of the market.
clove oil supplier in India, clove oil supplier from Indonesia, clove leaf oil in india, clove leaf oil supplier
Is Clove Leaf Oil In India Have Big Potential in 2024?
Global Essential Oil has succeeded in repeating its success in exporting clove leaf essential oils to India. India is one of the target markets for Global Essential Oil because it has a very large market size.
pogostemon cablin leaf oil in saudi arabia, pogostemon cablin leaf oil in middle east, essential oil in middle east, essential oil contract manufacturer in middle east, essential oil contract manufacturer in saudi arabia, essential oil contract manufacturer in dubai, patchouli flower oil
Exporting Pogostemon Cablin Leaf Oil To Saudi Arabia in 2024
Global essential oil exports pogostemon cablin leaf oil or patchouli oil to Saudi Arabia. Patchouli oil is currently very popular throughout the world, despite its distinctive and very delicious aroma. Patchouli oil is also a superior product of Indonesian essential oils.
× Looking For Partnership? Contact Us Now!